Home Page


Show Respect Work Together Aspire Nurture

Lovers' Lane Curriculum Policy 
Lovers' Lane Primary School Curriculum Overviews 


At Lovers’ Lane Primary School, we use the Letters and Sounds Phonics Programme for all of our phonics teaching.



Letters and Sounds is a phonics resource published by the Department for Education and Skills in 2007. It aims to build children's speaking and listening skills in their own right as well as to prepare children for learning to read by developing their phonic knowledge and skills. It sets out a detailed and systematic programme for teaching phonic skills for children starting by the age of five, with the aim of them becoming fluent readers by age seven.

There are six overlapping phases. The table below is a summary based on the Letters and Sounds guidance for Practioners and Teachers. For more detailed information, you view the Phonics Policy on our policies page.



Year Group

Phonic Knowledge & Skills

Phase One



Activities are divided into seven aspects, including environmental sounds, instrumental sounds, body sounds, rhythm and rhyme, alliteration, voice sounds and finally oral blending and segmenting.

Phase Two


Learning 19 letters of the alphabet and one sound for each. Blending sounds together to make words. Segmenting words into their separate sounds. Beginning to read simple captions.

Phase Three


The remaining 7 letters of the alphabet, one sound for each. Graphemes such as ch, oo, th representing the remaining phonemes not covered by single letters. Reading captions, sentences and questions. On completion of this phase, children will have learnt the "simple code", i.e. one grapheme for each phoneme in the English language.

Phase Four


No new grapheme-phoneme correspondences are taught in this phase. Children learn to blend and segment longer words with adjacent consonants, e.g. swim, clap, jump.

Phase Five

Year 1/Year2

Now we move on to the "complex code". Children learn more graphemes for the phonemes which they already know, plus different ways of pronouncing the graphemes they already know.

Phase Six

Year 2

By the beginning of Phase Six, children should know most of the common grapheme- phoneme correspondences (GPCs). They should be able to read hundreds of words, doing this in three ways:

•Reading the words automatically if they are very familiar;

•Decoding them quickly and silently because their sounding and blending routine is now well established;

•Decoding them aloud.


Visit the Department for Education and Skills website to view the 'Letters and Sounds - Principles and Practice of High Quality Phonics'



We support our teaching of phonics with Jolly Phonics songs and Read Write Inc rhymes to give our children a firm, fun foundation in phonics with a complete phonics programme that's proven to raise reading standards.


At the end of year 1 all children will sit a phonics screening test. You can access some sample papers at the links below:

In KS2 children who are not secure in any of the 6 phases of 'Letters and Sounds' will receive small group phonics interventions. The intervention will be carried out through phonics interactive games or in a revisit/review, teach, practice and apply phonics teaching activity.




     At Lovers’ Lane throughout KS1 and KS2 we use the PM Benchmarking to accurately track and assess pupils’ reading progress. PM Benchmarking is used as a supportive reading programme for our teachers, giving them the chance to allow every child to succeed. It also gives the teachers the ability to accurately measure reading progress as well as meet the National Curriculum expectation. From the PM Benchmarking tracking our children gradually move through the reading colour book bands.


In KS2 PM Benchmarking is used half termly to assess the children, if the children are behind in their age related book bands the children will given extra reading support through a 'Vulnerable Reading' intervention. Each child is read with on a daily basis to boost their reading ability and promote progression through the book levels.


Our next step is to purchase a Phonics based reading scheme, keeping PM Benchmark for pupils needing additional support to learn to read beyond phonics. School Council are also fundraising to help buy new books.